Vermont is a state in the Northeastern United States, and is a part of the New England Region of the country.
Date first discovered by Europeans: It is not certain who was the first European to explore Vermont, but Jacques Cartier was one of the first in 1535.
Date admitted to US: 1791, as the first state after the thirteen original colonies.
Largest City: Burlington
Area rank: 45th
Population rank: 49th
Electoral votes: 3
Vermont was once an independent republic, formed by settlers from New Hampshire that resisted attempts from the colony of New York to control the land they had settled upon. After armed conflict, the settlers of New Connecticut decided to form their own republic, naming it Vermont.
Vermont was the first state to abolish slavery, as the constitution written by the new republic had provisions for abolition of slavery, suffrage for all free men, and public schools. Through the laws regarding abolition were often broken, Vermont still served as a part of the Underground Railroad.
Vermont became the first state to both allow women to vote in elections, through which elections they could vote in were limited. Vermont also became the first state to allow civil marriage between members of the same sex.
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