Map of Colorado, major cities, states and capitals


Colorado state flag
Colorado State Flag

Colorado state flower

Photo: Stan Shebs

Rocky Mountain Columbine — Colorado State Flower

Colorado

Colorado is located in the western United States, but its central position makes it a part of the Western United States, the Southwestern United States, and the Mountain States all at once.
Date first discovered by Europeans:  Juan de Oñate led an expedition in 1598 to claim land for the Spanish empire, and established the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México which included land that would become southern Colorado.
Date admitted to US: 1876
Capital: Denver
Largest City: Denver
Terrain: Eastern Colorado is part of the Great Plains, while Western Colorado is in the Rocky Mountains.  The Continental Divide runs North-South through the state.
Area: 104,094 sq mi
Area rank: 8th
Population: 5,456,574
Population rank: 22nd
Electoral Votes: 9

Colorado has the highest incorporated city (population 2,602) in the continental US, Leadville, which was a silver mining town. All of the state lies at least 3,000 feet (or a little over 1,000 meters) elevation, making it one of the highest states.

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