Map of South America
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South America extends from north of the equator
almost to Antarctica. This gives South America a large area in the tropics,
through more temperate zones, and way far south to very cold parts of southern
Chile and Argentina. South America extends much farther south than any other
inhabited continent. South America has the Pacific Ocean on the west, the
Atlantic Ocean on the east, and the Caribbean Sea to the north east. The Andes
Mountains run along the west coast of the continent, head waters for the Amazon,
the largest river (by volume) in the world, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean.
The Atacama Desert, on the west side of the Andes Mountains, is the driest
desert on earth. The highest waterfall in the world is Angel Falls in
Venezuela. South America has a breath-taking diversity of landscape and of
species of plants and animals. Brazil constitutes roughly half of South America,
both by land area and population.
The map of South America shows the countries and their capitals, as well as the bodies of water around them. South America is the southern continent of the Americas. Most of South America is in the Southern hemisphere, as the equator runs through the aptly-named Ecuador, as well as going through the countries of Colombia and Brazil. Brazil is approximately half of the land area of South America, and of the population. The southern-most tip of South America, belonging to both Chile and Argentina, comes much closer to Antarctica than any other continent. This part of South America, as might be expected, is cold and stormy, and ships traditionally have had a dangerous passage through the Strait of Magellan, a sea passage through the tip of South America between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
The CIA World Fact Book