World Monuments Map Puzzle
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World Monuments Map Puzzle

Click and drag the puzzle piece to the appropriate place on the map. Scroll by holding the mouse near the edge of the map. Hints are below the map.

World Monument Hints

Angkor Wat
Cliff Dwellings
Coliseum
Easter Island Statues
Eiffel Tower
Forbidden City
Golden Pavilion
Great Buddha
Great Minaret of the Mosque of Samarra
Great Mosque of Timbuktu
Great Wall
Great Zimbabwe
Mayan Temple
Machu Pichu
Notre Dame Cathedral
Parthenon
Pyramids
Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed
Statue of Christ the Redeemer
Statue of Liberty
Stonehenge
Sydney Opera House
Taj Mahal
Tower Bridge
Uluru / Ayers Rock

Angkor is a temple complex in northwestern Cambodia, near the town of Siem Reap. Angkor Wat is a major temple within this group. Angkor flourished between the 9th century and the 13th century. Besides being a religious center, it was also a royal residence and administrative center for the area from Vietnam to the Bay of Bengal, and north to Yunnan (in China). Originally based on the Hindu religion, it became more Buddhist influenced. Angkor was a symbolic universe, with a central mountain or pyramid temple, and waterways to represent the central ocean.   Back

Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible had the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed in 1554-1560 to commemorate military victories over the Tartars. On Red Square in Moscow, it is a beautiful building with ten domes, each a different size and color.   Back

Cliff Dwellings built by Native Americans are found in the southwestern United States, in Arizona, Utah, Colorado and New Mexico. Found in dry areas, they are often tucked under cliffs, and situated so that they can be easily defended. Garments of cotton and leather, pottery and wood utensils have been found in these "apartment houses" carved out of the sandstone rock. The larger buildings have room for dozens of families. They were abandoned about 1300; no one knows why.   Back

Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean, 2300 miles (3700 km) from the western coast of South America, has over 600 statues, the largest of which is 37 feet tall. There are unfinished statues that are even larger. Carved of native stone, most of these huge statues depict faces. Tradition on the island say that the statues represent important people who have been deified after death, and memorialized by the statues. It was an amazing engineering feat for people without machinery to transport and raise statues of that size.   Back

The Eiffel Tower, in Paris, France, is built of wrought iron in an open lattice pattern. It was commissioned for the Centennial Exposition to commemorate the French Revolution. Designed by Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, the 984 foot tower (300 meters) astonished people by the speed at which it was built. Erected in 1889, for many years it was the tallest structure in the world. Incidentally, Monsieur Eiffel also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty; he is the only person to have designed two of the monuments in this program.   Back

The Forbidden City lies within the Inner City of Beijing, China. Surrounded by a 35 foot (11 meter) wall, it originally contained many palaces, including those of the emperor and his family (1421-1911 AD). Now it serves as museums and parks.   Back

The Golden Pavilion is a Buddhist shrine in Japan. The temple is set in a garden, with a reflecting lake. Built of wood, the temple has been rebuilt exactly as it was, at intervals of a specific number of years. The current Golden Pavilion is identical to the original.   Back

The Great Buddha (the Daibutsu), at a shrine at Kamakura, Japan, is 42 feet high. Built in 1252, the bronze statue shows a serene, seated Buddha, meditating.   Back

Mali's king Mansa Musa ordered the building of the Great Mosque of Timbuktu after his pilgrimage to Mecca. It was started in 1324, and completed in about 1332, after Musa had died.   Back

The Great Wall of China, built along the along the northern border of the empire, runs for over 4,000 miles (6,437 km), and is perhaps the largest man-made structure in the world. The authoritarian emperor Shih Huang Ti ordered the building of the wall in 214 BC, which in places involved connecting pieces of earlier walls, some of which date to the 4th century BC. The work involved the forced labor of huge numbers of peasants, of whom many thousands died during its construction.   Back

The Great Zimbabwe, in the African nation of Zimbabwe, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers, is a series of stone enclosures, seemingly built as a political and religious center in the 1200's. The walls of the enclosure are up to 30 feet high (9.15 meters) high, built without mortar, some of them with elaborate patterns in the stonework. Because there are no written records, we can only surmise the purpose and uses of the Great Zimbabwe, and its passageways, stairs, and walls inside of walls. It seems certain that part of it was used as a residence for a chief, probably of the Shona tribe. The Great Zimbabwe complex was abandoned, very likely because the land around it had become less fertile.   Back

Machu Pichu is an ancient fortress city of the Incas in the high Andes of Peru. Re-discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, this "lost city" is believed to have been built as an escape by the Incas from the Spanish conquerors. Eight thousand feet up in the mountains, the city contains a temple, citadel, terraced gardens and irrigation system.   Back

Mayan Temples are found in the Yucatan peninsula (the piece that sticks out to the east, dividing the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean) of Mexico, and south into Central America. The Mayans made accurate astronomical observations, invented zero, made a sophisticated calendar, and wrote in a hieroglyphic language. Unfortunately, the Spanish burned almost all the Mayan books, so our knowledge of the Mayan civilization is limited. The cities containing the elaborately carved Mayan temples were abandoned about 800 AD, and the temples were covered up by the surrounding jungle.   Back

The huge Minaret of the Great Mosque of Samarra was built in the 800's under the Abbasid caliphs. It was built when the capital of the Muslim empire shifted to Iraq, and the Muslim religion was no longer specifically Arab. Samarra is just north of Baghdad, in Iraq.   Back

Notre Dame is located on the Ile de la Cit´┐Ż, an island in the Seine, in Paris, France. It was started in 1163 and mostly finished by 1240 (two spires which were in the original design have never been built.) With its pointed arches and light-filled construction, it is considered a masterpiece of the High Middle Ages. It has the original 13th century stained glass in its three rose windows. Notre Dame de Paris means Our Lady of Paris. It was built as a Christian cathedral to honor the Virgin Mary, mother of Christ.   Back

The Parthenon, on the Acropolis at Athens, Greece, was the chief temple of Athena. Built at the direction of Pericles, it was completed in 432 BC. Originally it contained a huge statue of Athena, as well as the sculptures on the outside, all supervised by Phidias. Built in the Doric style, out of white marble, most of the sculpture is now gone.   Back

The Pyramids are the only one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World still in existence. Built about 2500 BC, the pyramids are older than any of the other man-made monuments. Located on the west side of the Nile Valley, the pyramid of Khufu (Cheops, in Greek) was 481 feet tall, and 775 feet on each side of its base. Stone has been removed over the years, including the finished stone on the exterior, so it is somewhat smaller now. Built as a tomb for the pharaoh, it is joined by other, smaller pyramids built for other pharaohs, and members of the royal family.   Back

The Roman Coliseum is an ancient amphitheater built around 80 AD to hold 50,000 people or more. It had four tiers of marble seats surrounding the arena, with rooms, ramps, and elevators below the arena floor for men and animals waiting to go into the arena. Once the wooden arena floor was removed, and the arena filled with water, for a mock sea battle. It is 615 feet long (190 meters), 157 feet high, made of concrete, bricks and stone. When the Romans used it, there was an enormous canvas canopy to shield spectators from the sun. The Romans staged cruel spectacles in the Coliseum, where men fought animals and each other to the death.   Back

The Statue of Christ the Redeemer on Corcovado Mt. stands over Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The one hundred foot (30 meter) concrete statue, designed by Paul Landowski, was finished in 1931. When lighted at night, the statue appears to be a giant cross guarding the city.   Back

The Statue of Liberty (originally named Liberty Enlightening the World) is 305 feet (93 meters) tall from base to the top of the torch. Showing a woman holding a tablet and lifting a torch aloft, it was sculpted of copper hammered over steel by Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi, with a framework made by Eiffel. It was a gift from France to the United States in 1884. Visitors can go up to the crown, and see a panoramic view of the New York harbor.   Back

Stonehenge was built in the late Neolithic ("new stone") Age/Early Bronze Age, about 1800-1400 BC. Located on the Salisbury plain, west of London, England, it consists of gigantic standing stones, arranged roughly in two concentric circles. Some of the stones are Bluestones, a form of igneous rock that comes from southern Wales. The effort to get these stones to Stonehenge must have been enormous. Some of the pairs of stones have lintel stones across them, and some are arranged as if to mark the sun's position on the horizon for the Summer solstice. Stonehenge must have been religious in intent, but the meaning of the stones' arrangement remains unknown.   Back

The Sydney Opera House was completed in 1973 from the design by Jorn Utzon. The highest shell roof stands 221 feet high above the Sydney harbor; complicated computer calculations were required to build it and the white ceramic tiles to cover it. Made of concrete and glass, the building was designed to offer spectacular views from inside, and also to be itself part of a spectacular view of the harbor.   Back

The Taj Mahal, in Agra, India, was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his wife, Mumtaz-I-Mahal. It was started in 1632, after she died in childbirth, and finished in 1653. The exterior is white marble, set with jade, turquoise, lapis lazuli, chrysolite and mother-of-pearl. It has four minarets, each 133 feet high, and reflecting pools to mirror the beauty of the building.   Back

Tower Bridge across the Thames River in London, England is often confused with London Bridge. Construction of Tower Bridge was begun in 1886 and finished in 1894. London Bridge was built in 1831, replacing a 12th century stone bridge which had replaced a 10th century wooden bridge. The last are the bridges of the song "London Bridge is falling down . . ." In 1968 the 1831 London Bridge was dismantled and sold to a developer who reassembled it in Lake Havasu City, Arizona. Tower Bridge is built primarily from steel with a cover of stone to imitate the Gothic Style that Parliament demanded for a major structure next to the Tower of London. The towers contain machinery to raise the central drawbridges and to run elevators to take pedestrians to the upper walkway so they could cross while the drawbridge was raised.   Back

Uluru / Ayers Rock Once considered to be the world's largest monolith, rising 1143 feet (348 meters) above the desert. (A monolith is a single piece of rock) It is 4 miles long by 1 mile wide. It is called Uluru by the native Australians, who consider it to be sacred. Varying with the time of day and the weather, the rock appears to change color.   Back

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